Boko Haram unveils 'Caliphate', army says it's delusion

Boko Haram unveils 'Caliphate', army says it's delusion

Sunday, August 24, 2014 10:31 pm

Shekau: declaring Caliphate in some parts of Nigeria

Shekau: declaring Caliphate in some parts of Nigeria

 Nigeria’s military on Sunday rejected a claim by Boko Haram’s leader, Abubakar Shekau  that a northeast town seized by the insurgents earlier this month has been placed under an Islamic caliphate.

“That claim is empty,” defence spokesman Chris Olukolade said in reference to Abubakar Shekau’s boastings about the town of Gwoza in Borno state.

“The sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Nigerian state is still intact,” and operations “to secure that area from the activities of the bandits is still ongoing,” he added.

In a new video obtained Sunday, Shekau said Gwoza town    seized by the insurgents earlier this month has been placed under an Islamic caliphate.

“Thanks be to Allah who gave victory to our brethren in (the town of) Gwoza and made it part of the Islamic caliphate,” Abubakar Shekau said in the 52-minute video obtained by AFP.

In a July video, Shekau voiced support for the leader of the Islamic State (IS) militants Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, who in late June declared himself “the caliph” and “leader of Muslims everywhere”.

But there was no indication from Shekau in the latest video that he was associating himself with Baghdadi, whose Sunni Muslim fighters have taken over parts of Iraq and Syria.

Boko Haram with a mounted machine gun

Boko Haram with a mounted machine gun

As such, it was not clear if Shekau was declaring himself to be a part of Baghdadi’s call or if he was referring to a separate Nigerian caliphate.

In the 19th century, a Sokoto caliphate was proclaimed across most of modern-day northern Nigeria and was considered separate from other Islamic kingdoms, such as the Ottoman Empire.

Shekau — who has been designated a global terrorist by the United States — is shown in the video wearing military fatigues, with a Kalashnikov rifle strapped to his body.

He alternates between Arabic and the Hausa language that is dominant in the region.

He is pictured standing in front of three SUVs and flanked by four fighters, who are masked and armed. It is not clear when or where the video was filmed.

There was no indication that Shekau was actually in Gwoza for the filming and his whereabouts remain unknown but another unidentified fighter who speaks later in the video vowed that #Boko Haram would keep control of the area.

“By the grace of Allah we will not leave the town. We have come to stay,” said the militant wearing a green shirt and a white cap.

The United Nations humanitarian office (OCHA) earlier this month confirmed reports that Gwoza was under rebel control.

Boko Haram is also believed to be in control of other areas near Gwoza in southern Borno, as well as large swathes of territory in northern Borno and at least one town in neighbouring Yobe state.

Mapping the precise areas which have fallen into Islamist hands is nearly impossible.

There are few humanitarian workers on the ground in the northeast, travel is dangerous and the region, which has been under a state of emergency since May of last year, has poor mobile phone coverage.

Experts have described Boko Haram’s gains in recent weeks as unprecedented, saying the group was closer than ever to achieving its goal of carving out a strict Islamic state across northern Nigeria.

But many analysts believe the military still has the capacity to reverse the insurgents’ advance.

A major offensive launched when emergency rule was declared in May last year appeared to put the militants on the defensive.

But critics say top brass failed to sustain the pressure and allowed the Islamists to retake some of the areas they had abandoned.

A lack of adequate weapons for troops sent to fight the well-armed rebels has hampered the counter-insurgency and some soldiers this week refused to deploy to Gwoza without better gear in an apparent mutiny.

Reacting to Shekau’s video, defence spokesman Chris Olukolade assured that the military would secure Gwoza.

“Any group of terrorists laying claim to any portion of the country will not be allowed to get away with that expression of delusion and crime,” he said. “Operations to secure that area from the activities of the bandits (are) still ongoing,” he added.


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